compression What command do I need to unzip extract a tar.gz file?

Though we’ll mostly focus on .tar.gz files, check out the end of the article for some quick tips on extracting .tar files in other formats. Armed with these few examples you are now capable of extracting most common archives on the command line. Whilst GUI tool options exist for some archives, often when dealing with a compressed .tar archives, these terminal commands are much quicker and easier to perform. To extract a bzip2 compressed tar archive we need to add the z argument to identify that the archive uses the gzip compression method.

Where commands have little (if any) room for typos or omissions, many common errors are the result of small mistakes, misspellings, or incorrect formats. Thankfully, unless you’re somehow missing your tar or gzip utility, most common errors are very easy to fix. This command will extract (-x) the file (-f) specified (in this case, filename.tar.gz) to the current directory. Note that this command also works with other common compression formats such as .tar.bz2. If that’s not entirely clear, don’t worry.

Some third-party tools also offer extended flexibility for converting between file types‌, saving more time if you want to change between compression formats. Many are also available for Linux and macOS. Like the tar utility, gzip also allows you to zip and unzip multiple files or entire directories at a time. Note that this command will throw an error unless you specify the exact filename listed in the .tar file. As we’ll cover more in the next section, you can verify file names by listing contents with the tar -tf filename.tar.gz command.

Since .tar.gz compresses multiple files all at once, it can take advantage of similarities between individual files to save on space. With the command prompt open, use the appropriate commands to change the current working directory (cd) to the location of the .tar.gz file you want to unzip. Alternatively, you can also specify a source and destination file path when using the tar utility.

Extract the gzip compressed tar archive using the z argument. Then list the directory contents to show that test_directory has been created. You can create your own compressed .tar files using compression utilities such as gzip.

If you have a file on your PC or Mac that ends with .TAR, it’s an archive file that typically contains one or more files or folders that need to be unpacked. Whether or not your TAR file is compressed, it’s super easy to unpack and open the files and directories on macOS, Windows, and Linux. We’ll show you the easiest ways to open TAR, TGZ, and TAR.GZ files on any PC or Mac. If we wish to extract an archive to a specific location we can use the C argument with the tar command and then specify the location. The location can be a relative or absolute path.

As a result, one isn’t necessarily better than the other — it’s all a matter of application. Unlike Windows’ convenient graphical user interface (GUI) for unzipping .zip files, you’ll need to use the tar utility through the command line. However, there are also many third-party tools you can install for a more user-friendly experience. Most Linux distributions and macOS include built-in tools for zipping and unzipping .tar and .tar.gz files. While the tar utility is enough for most purposes, you’ll need the gzip utility to create .tar.gz files.

Any remotely modern version of tar should auto-detect that the archive is gzipped, and add “z” for you. Note the lack of hyphen for the command flags. This is because most versions of tar allow both gnu and bsd style options (simplistically, gnu requires a hyphen, bsd doesn’t). This example uses example1.tar.gz in the Home directory. You can also add the verbose output option (-v) to provide detailed listings, including dates, securities/permissions, and more.

  1. All the commands in this how-to will work on most Linux machines.
  2. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data.
  3. Like many archive and compression formats, .tar.gz is an effective way to save storage space and make it easier to send large amounts of data.
  4. While there are many tools to choose from, the most popular include 7-Zip and WinZip.

Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. Choose the directory to extract your files to. The output shows a newly created archive example1.tar.gz. However, while tools like 7-Zip are free, many more “robust” solutions are only available for a price after a trial period. As a result, we recommend sticking to free (but trustworthy) tools or simply using the command line. To access the Windows command line, search for “command prompt” or “cmd” in the search bar.

Easy Ways to Open TAR, TGZ, and TAR.GZ Files on PC & Mac

We again need to add arguments that respond to the type of compression tool the archive was created with. A user-friendly way to extract files from a .tar.gz archive is via a Graphical User Interface (GUI). A GUI is more suitable for beginners than a command-line tool.

.tar vs .zip

Open the 7-Zip program and navigate to your tar file. Create a bzip2 archive by adding the j argument to the tar command. Create a gzip archive by adding the z argument to the tar command. The command extracts files to a new directory called example1, which is located in the current directory. Similar to the previous error, this error occurs when an archive was saved as a .tar despite not being a .tar archive. While there are many tools to choose from, the most popular include 7-Zip and WinZip.

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When using Linux systems you are likely to come across tar archives as well as ZIP archives. It’s useful to practice creating .tar archives and also how to extract from a tar archive. natural language processing specialization deeplearning ai Also of note is that sometimes TAR archives are referred to as tarballs. Tar archives in their standard form have the .tar suffix but these archives are not compressed.

Thankfully, you don’t need to be a 1960s computer technician to use and extract .tar files – nor do modern .tar files even have anything to do with old computers. After extracting the archive use ls to check the archive has been extracted. After reading this article, you know how to extract or unzip .tar.gz file in Linux using different methods and tools. In this example, the user tried to extract the file titled “FILE” from filename.tar.gz. However, tar was unable to find FILE within .tar.gz, meaning that the user either misspelled the name or that the file simply doesn’t exist in filename.tar.gz.

Knowing how to unzip a .tar.gz file allows users to extract and access the archives’ contents efficiently. It’s easy to get confused when navigating between .tar, .tar.gz, and .gz – not to mention zipping and unzipping them. Here are a few frequently asked questions we commonly hear from react native dotenv using environment variables in react native users working with .tar.gz files. For sending and storing, both .zip and .tar.gz files will allow you to send relatively large packages as a single file. However, there are some pretty major differences when it comes to accessing data within the files and the compression efficiency.

Some common examples include .tar.bz2 (bzip2), (Brotli), and .tar.zst (zstd), among many others. This error usually occurs when a .tar has been saved as a .gz despite having never been compressed using the gzip utility. From videos to entire software packages, many files are compressed and stored how to buy singularitynet using the .tar.gz format. While extracting a .tar.gz file isn’t quite as easy as unzipping a .zip, it’s still pretty straightforward. Using test_directory as a target we’ll make a standard uncompressed .tar archive. This kind of archive is useful to group small files, such as logs into a single archive.

Unzip .tar.gz From stdin in Linux

Specify the full path, tab completion can be used to auto-complete directory names. All the commands in this how-to will work on most Linux machines. We’ve used a Ubuntu 20.04 install but you could run this how-to on a Raspberry Pi. All of the how-to is performed via the Terminal. You can open a terminal window on most Linux machines by pressing ctrl, alt and t.